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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2008  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 159-161

Pregnancy related acute kidney injury: A single center experience from the Kashmir Valley


1 Department of Nephrology, Sher-i-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Srinagar, J & K, India
2 Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Sher-i-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Srinagar, J & K, India

Correspondence Address:
M Saleem Najar
HOD Nephrology, Sher-i-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Srinagar, J and K
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0971-4065.45291

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All patients admitted with pregnancy related acute renal failure (PRAKI) from June 2005 to May 2007 were studied with respect to etiology, clinical features, and outcome of PRAKI. Of 569 cases of acute kidney injury (AKI), 40 (7.02%) cases were related to gestational problems; the age of the patients ranged from 15 to 45 years. Septic abortion was the most common cause of PRAKI, accounting for 20 (50%) cases of which 15 (75%) cases occurred in the first and five (25%) in the second trimester. Other causes were antepartum hemorrhage: six cases (15%), toxemia of pregnancy: six cases (15%), acute gastroenteritis: three cases (7.5%), postpartum hemorrhage: two cases (5%), acute pyelonephritis: two cases (5%), and postpartum, acute kidney injury: one case (2.5%). Dialysis was needed in 60% of the cases and mortality was observed in 20% of the cases. PRAKI continues to be a major concern in our society, causing a high maternal mortality. Septic abortion which has virtually disappeared from developed countries, continues to be a major cause of PRAKI in our society. Hence, there is a need to halt the practice of illegal abortions and improve antenatal care.






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Indian Journal of Nephrology
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Online since 20th Sept '07