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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2009  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 107-111

Prevalence of lower urinary tract infection in South Indian type 2 diabetic subjects


Department of Microbiology, M.V. Hospital for Diabetes and Diabetes Research Centre, [WHO Collaborating Centre for Research Education and Training in Diabetes], Chennai - 600 013, India

Correspondence Address:
V Viswanathan
M.V. Hospital for Diabetes and Diabetes Research Centre, WHO Collaborating Centre for Research, Education and Training in Diabetes, No. 4, Main Road, Royapuram, Chennai - 600 013
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0971-4065.57107

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This study was done to determine the prevalence of lower urinary tract infection (UTI), the causative pathogens, their antimicrobial pattern, and the recurrence of infection in type 2 diabetic subjects. A total of 1157 (M: F 428: 729) type 2 diabetic subjects were selected for this study. Midstream urine specimens were collected and the culture tests were done by a quantitative method whereas antimicrobial sensitivity was determined by using the Kirby-Bauer method. A significant colony count was seen in 495 (42.8%) subjects and an insignificant count in 350 (30.3%) subjects; there were a few cases of recurrent UTI. Women (47.9%) had a significantly higher prevalence of UTI than men (34.1%) (χ2 = 20.3, P < 0.0001). Except for BMI, UTI was significantly associated with age, duration of diabetes, and poor glycemic control in both sexes. About 533 pathogens of gram positive and gram negative bacilli were isolated from 495 subjects in this study. Escherichea coli (E. coli) was the most commonly found organism. Gram negative pathogens were found to be highly sensitive to sulbactum / cefoperazone and piperacillin / tazobactum. The prevalence of UTI was significantly higher in women than men with E. coli being the major isolated pathogen. Gram negative pathogens were highly sensitive to sulbactum / cefoperazone and piperacillin / tazobactum.






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Indian Journal of Nephrology
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