Advertisment
Indian Journal of Nephrology About us |  Subscription |  e-Alerts  | Feedback | Login   
  Print this page Email this page   Small font sizeDefault font sizeIncrease font size
 Home | Current Issue | Archives| Ahead of print | Search |Instructions |  Editorial Board  

Users Online:1220

Official publication of the Indian Society of Nephrology
 ~   Next article
 ~   Previous article
 ~   Table of Contents

 ~   Similar in PUBMED
 ~  Search Pubmed for
 ~  Search in Google Scholar for
 ~Related articles
 ~   Citation Manager
 ~   Access Statistics
 ~   Reader Comments
 ~   Email Alert *
 ~   Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed1904    
    Printed84    
    Emailed1    
    PDF Downloaded141    
    Comments [Add]    
    Cited by others 1    

Recommend this journal

 

 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 94-97

Management and outcome of children with end-stage renal disease in northwest Iran


Department of Pediatric Nephrology, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Pediatric Health Research Centre, Tabriz, Iran

Correspondence Address:
F Mortazavi
Children's Hospital of Tabriz-Sheshgelan Street-Tabriz
Iran
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0971-4065.97113

Rights and Permissions

Outcome of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in children has considerably improved since the development of dialysis and kidney transplantation. This study was conducted to evaluate the management and outcome of ESRD children in a referral pediatric center in northwest Iran. A cross-sectional study of medical records of ESRD children (glomerular filtration rate less than 15 ml/min/1.73 m 2 ) younger than 16 years who were admitted in Children's Hospital of Tabriz between October 1999 and October 2009 was performed. Ninety-four children with ESRD including 51 boys (54.3%) and 43 girls (45.7%) with a mean age of 7.9 ± 3.49 years were studied. Parents of nine patients (7.8%) refused treatment. Eighty patients underwent renal replacement therapy (RRT) and were followed for a mean period of 4.86 ± 2.77 years. Initial modality of RRT was hemodialysis in 81.25%, continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis in 16.25%, and preemptive kidney transplantation in 2.5%. Thirty-two patients (34%) underwent renal transplantation. The mean duration of staying on dialysis before transplantation was 12.4 ± 11 months. Twenty-nine of kidney donors (90.6%) were living unrelated donors. The 1-and 3-year graft survival rates were 81.2% and 68.8% and the 1- and 3-year patient survival rates were 96.9% and 93.8%, respectively. Thirty-one patients died (33%). The mortality of girls was significantly higher than boys (P=0.04). There was a significant negative correlation between age and mortality (P=0.01). Heart failure and infections were the most common cause of death. This study showed that ESRD children in our area have a poor outcome in comparison with developed countries.






[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*


        
Print this article     Email this article

Indian Journal of Nephrology
Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
Online since 20th Sept '07