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 SYSTEMATIC REVIEW
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 239-245

Deflazacort in comparison to other steroids for nephrotic syndrome


1 Department of Pediatrics, Government Medical College and Hospital, Sector-32, Chandigarh, India
2 Department of Pathology, Government Medical College and Hospital, Sector-32, Chandigarh, India

Correspondence Address:
K R Jat
Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Government Medical College and Hospital, Sector-32, Chandigarh - 160 030
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0971-4065.101238

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Patients with nephrotic syndrome require steroids for long time and sometimes repeatedly resulting in various adverse effects. Deflazacort (DFZ) had been described as equally effective and with fewer side effects as compared with other steroids. This review evaluates the literature on efficacy and toxicity of DFZ as compared with other therapies for nephrotic syndrome. A systematic review of Pubmed database and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials with last search date of 20 th April 2011. Search terms included "nephrotic AND deflazacort" without any limitations. Randomized control trials comparing DFZ vs placebo or other therapies in subjects with nephrotic syndrome were included. Two authors extracted data independently. Three studies meet inclusion criteria and data were synthesized qualitatively. The limited evidence suggested that DFZ appeared to be equally effective in inducing remission or decreasing proteinuria in patients with nephrotic syndrome. It caused significantly less decrease in bone mineral content (BMC) in spine as compared with prednisolone. The results related to weight change, blood pressure change, Cushingoid symptoms, and urinary calcium excretion were inconsistent between included studies. By reviewing the available limited evidence, DFZ appears to be of similar efficacy for nephrotic patients, but there were inconsistent results regarding side effect profile of DFZ as compared with other steroids except for decrease in BMC where DFZ was better. There is need for larger randomized controlled trials to evaluate effectiveness and adverse effect profile of DFZ as compared with other steroids in nephrotic syndrome.






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Indian Journal of Nephrology
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Online since 20th Sept '07