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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 251-256

A multicenter cross-sectional study of mental and physical health depression in MHD patients


1 Department of Medicine, Pondicherry Institute of Medical Sciences, Pondicherry, India
2 Department of Medicine, Madras Medical Mission and Tanker Foundation, Chennai, India
3 Department of Medicine, Pondicherry Institute of Medical Sciences, Pondicherry; Department of Medicine, Madras Medical Mission and Tanker Foundation, Chennai, India

Correspondence Address:
G Abraham
Madras Medical Mission, 9/2, 15th Avenue Road, Harrington Road, Chetpet, Chennai- 600 031, Tamil Nadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0971-4065.101243

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Depression is ranked fourth among the disabling diseases affecting people worldwide and is the most common psychological problem in patients with End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD). The aim of this study is to assess the physical and emotional health status of renal dialysis patients, based on the SF-36 scale in relation to their economic status. S0 ixty maintenance hemodialysis patients, with a mean age of 40±13 years were included in this cross-sectional study using the SF-36 scale. It comprises 36 questions regarding physical and mental functions, body pain, vitality, etc. An SF-36 score of 50 or less was considered as moderate to severe depression and 51-100 as mild depression to good health. 56.81% of the patients who are below poverty line under dialysis had moderate to severe depression with regard to their health status. A physical health score of up to 50 was seen in 63.63% of patients below poverty line 63.63% (P= 0.16). A mental health score of 0-50 was observed in 61.63% of the cohort studied (P = 0.22). Among the patient with diabetes (28.33%) 55.56% had depression. Dialysis duration was directly associated with deteriorating physical health status and inversely proportional to their mental health status (P>0.05). There are problems in other regular activities due to depressed physical and mental health. T0 he factors that were identified in this study that influence depression such as poverty status, increasing age, vintage and frequency of dialysis and treatment with erythropoietin dosage should be addressed and treated accordingly to improve the quality of life. Improving self-esteem with fruitful employment opportunities, concerted rehabilitation by professionals and easing of economic burden by private-public partnership is an achievable goal.






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Indian Journal of Nephrology
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Online since 20th Sept '07