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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 26  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 192-198

Diabetes, hypertension, sanitation, and health education by high school students in Guyana, South America


1 Department of Surgery, Division of Global Health, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda; Department of Medicine and Surgery, The George Washington University, Washington, DC, USA
2 Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, USA
3 Department of Medicine, Central Michigan University College of Medicine, Saginaw, MI, USA
4 Department of Medicine, Drexel University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA
5 Department of Medicine, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD, USA

Correspondence Address:
R M Jindal
Department of Surgery and Global Health, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD
USA
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0971-4065.161522

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We initiated a program for early detection of diabetes and hypertension, the main causes of kidney failure in Guyana, South America. We trained local high school students with the goal that these students would stay in the villages for long-term, become health advocates and shift the reliance away from physicians. This project involved 7 high school students who were taught to monitor the health of one village of 1000–1500 population each. The program will be implemented for 3 years in which the entire population of seven villages (approximately 10,000 people) will be covered. This represents 1.3% population in Guyana. We present data from the pilot study from the sample of 619 people. The prevalence of diabetes mellitus was 13.9%. Among diabetics, 33.7% were using insulin and 86% oral hypoglycemic agents. Prevalence of hypertension was 29.4%, 63.2% were overweight and 17% were obese. About 9.9% patients were unaware about the existence of hypertension. We have shown in our study that high school students can be used to collect health data and monitor diabetes and hypertension. There was also a significant incidence of undetected diabetes and hypertension.






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Indian Journal of Nephrology
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Online since 20th Sept '07