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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 27  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 417-426

Nocturnal enuresis in india: Are we diagnosing and managing correctly?


1 Department of Urology, Rainbow Hospitals, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
2 Medical Affairs, Ferring Pharmaceuticals Pvt. Ltd., Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
3 Department of Urology, KLES Kidney Foundation, KLES Dr. Prabhakar Kore Hospital and MRC, Belgaum, India
4 Department of Pediatric Urology, NU Hospitals, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
5 Department of Child Health Unit II, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India
6 Department of Pediatric Urology, Wadia Hospital for Children, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
H Malve
Ferring Pharmaceuticals Pvt. Ltd., 24th Floor, Sunshine Towers, Senapati Bapat Marg, Elphinstone (West), Mumbai - 400 013, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijn.IJN_288_16

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Nocturnal enuresis is a common problem affecting school-aged children worldwide. Although it has significant impact on child's psychology, it is always under-recognized in India and considered as a condition which will outgrow with advancing age. Nocturnal enuresis classified as primary or secondary and monosymptomatic or nonmonosymptomatic. Factors that cause enuresis include genetic factors, bladder dysfunction, psychological factors, and inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion, leading to nocturnal polyuria. Diagnosis consists of detailed medical history, clinical examination, frequency-volume charts, and appropriate investigations. The frequency-volume chart or voiding diary helps in establishing diagnosis and tailoring therapy. The first step in treating nocturnal enuresis is to counsel the parents and the affected child about the condition and reassure them that it can be cured. One of the effective strategies to manage enuresis is alarm therapy, but currently, it is not easily available in India. Desmopressin has been used in the treatment of nocturnal enuresis for close to 50 years. It provides an effective and safe option for the management of nocturnal enuresis. This review covers the diagnosis and management of nocturnal enuresis and introduces the concept of “bedwetting clinics” in India, which should help clinicians in the thorough investigation of bedwetting cases.






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Indian Journal of Nephrology
Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
Online since 20th Sept '07