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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 28  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 191-197

Distribution of virulence factors according to antibiotic susceptibility among Escherichia coli isolated from urinary tract infection


1 Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences; Liver and Digestive Research Center, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
2 Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran

Correspondence Address:
S Derakhshan
Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijn.IJN_30_17

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Escherichia coli is the major causative pathogen of urinary tract infection (UTI) in humans. Virulence and drug resistance play important roles in the pathogenesis of E. coli infections. The aims were to investigate the presence of uropathogenic virulence genes and to evaluate a relationship between antibiotic resistance and virulence in E. coli from UTI. A total of 132 E. coli were collected between April and June 2015 in two hospitals of Sanandaj, Iran. Isolates were examined for susceptibility to 16 antibiotic disks using the disk diffusion method and for possession of virulence genes by polymerase chain reaction. Associations between antimicrobial resistance and virulence genes were investigated. A P < 0.05 was considered significant. Of the 132 isolates, the most prevalent virulence gene was pap (31.1%), followed by cnf (28.8%), hly (16.7%), and afa (10.6%). Different patterns of virulence genes were identified. A significant association was detected between the simultaneous presence of hly and pap. The most effective antibiotics were nitrofurantoin, cefoxitin, and imipenem and the least effective were ampicillin, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, and cefotaxime. An association was seen between the presence of cnf and susceptibility to the certain antibiotics, whereas strains with a reduced susceptibility to the certain antibiotics were associated with a significantly increased prevalence of afa and hly (P < 0.05). These findings suggest a correlation between the presence of virulence gene and resistance in E. coli strains from UTI. The results indicate that there is a need for surveillance programs to monitor drug resistance in pathogenic E. coli.






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