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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 28  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 215-219

The spectrum of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis from Eastern India: Is it different?

1 Department of Nephrology, P.D. Hinduja Hospital and Medical Research Centre, Mumbai, India
2 Department of Nephrology, Orange City Hospital, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India
3 Department of Nephrology, IPGMER, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
4 Centre for Renal and Urological Pathology Pvt Ltd., Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
M Trivedi
17, Nirmala Nivas, 209-C, Dr. Ambedkar Road, Matunga, Mumbai - 400 019, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijn.IJN_115_17

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Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is a disease that is defined entirely by its histopathological appearance. The recent Columbian classification has grouped this disease into various types based on the light microscopic description. There is a paucity of data describing the distribution of its various subtypes from the Indian subcontinent. This study was undertaken with the aim to throw light on the epidemiology and clinical features of primary FSGS in Eastern India. This retrospective study includes our cohort of biopsy-proven FSGS who presented to us from June 2009 to July 2011 and the analysis of their presenting clinical and histopathological features from our center in East India. Out of 347 patients diagnosed with FSGS in this period, 224 patients were included in the study. A total of 167 cases were of not otherwise specified (NOS) variant (74.5%), 30 tip variant (13.39%), 14 perihilar (6.25%), 8 cellular (3.57%), and 5 to the collapsing variant (2.23%). The maximum proteinuria at presentation was seen with the tip variant (7.98 ± 6.6 g/24 h), and the renal functions were most deranged at presentation with the collapsing variant. These findings were different from those described in other populations including higher prevalence of the tip and the perihilar variant, significant difference in the degree of hypertension, proteinuria, and renal dysfunction among the different variants. The Columbian classification has helped to stratify the outcomes of this glomerular disease with respect to its clinical presentation as well as histopathological features. However, the characteristics of the various variants do show a distinctive pattern in various populations based on ethnicities.


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Indian Journal of Nephrology
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Online since 20th Sept '07