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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 28  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 273-277

Cephalic arch stenosis: Location of stenosis in indian hemodialysis patients

1 Department of Radiology, SVIMS, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India
2 Department of Nephrology, SVIMS, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India
3 Department of Vascular Surgery, NIMS, Hyderabad, Telangana, India

Correspondence Address:
R Ram
Department of Nephrology, SVIMS, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijn.IJN_321_16

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The cephalic vein is formed over the “anatomical snuff box” and joins the axillary vein just below the clavicular level. The definition of cephalic arch is varied. In the radiology literature, it is defined as the central perpendicular portion of the cephalic vein as it traverses the deltopectoral groove and joins the axillary vein. The possible etiologies of cephalic arch stenosis are numerous. This study aimed to identify patients with cephalic arch stenosis and to discern the domain site of stenosis. This is a retrospective case series of patients who had an arteriovenous fistula with dysfunction of access and ipsilateral upper-limb edema. The clinical features of the access dysfunction were strong pulse due to increased pressure, weak thrill due to poor proximal flow, high static pressure, or decreased dialysis efficiency. All these 25 patients underwent computed tomography (CT) angiogram. The CT angiographic findings revealed cephalic arch stenosis and stenosis in 13 patients (52%). domain IV was slightly more affected than other domains of cephalic arch.


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Indian Journal of Nephrology
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Online since 20th Sept '07