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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 29  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 334-339

Clinical Characteristics, Patient and Technique Survival in Elderly Patients on Peritoneal Dialysis


1 Department of Nephrology, Saveetha Medical college, Thandalam, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Nephrology, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Raj K Sharma
Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Rae Bareli Road, Lucknow - 226 014, Uttar Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijn.IJN_377_18

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The outcomes of the elderly population on peritoneal dialysis (PD) in developing countries are less known. In this study, we intended to study the clinical characteristics and patient and technique survival of elderly patients on PD. In this study, data of 148 elderly patients with end-stage renal disease who initiated PD between January 2001 and December 2015 were collected. Baseline clinical characteristics and events during the study period were recorded. Overall patient and technique survival rates of diabetic and non-diabetic elderly patients on PD were analyzed. Around 128 patients who were initiated PD during the study period were included for final analysis. The mean age of the study group was 70.3 ± 5.1 years, and 94 (80%) were males. Among these, 79 (65.8%) had diabetes. At the end of the study period, only 20 (16.6%) patients were remained on PD. Eighty-four (70%) patients died during PD and 15 (12.5%) patients were transferred to hemodialysis during the study period. The main reasons for death were cardiovascular (56.6%) and sepsis due to peritonitis (18.8%). The mean patient survival time was 38.2 ± 2.6 months. The patient survival rates were 91.2%, 45.3%, and 22.8% at 1, 3, and 5 years, respectively. Predictors of mortality were increased serum phosphorus, peritonitis episodes, urine output <400 mL, and ultrafiltration <1000 mL/day at beginning of PD. The mean technique survival time was 92.0 ± 5.1 months. Technique survival rates at 1, 3, and 5 years were 94.8%, 85.3%, and 71.7%, respectively. None of the factors was found to be predictive of technique survival. We found no significant difference between diabetic and non-diabetic patients in terms of technique and patient survival. Mortality was higher in elderly patients on PD. Factors affecting mortality in elderly patients on PD are low urine output, low ultrafiltration at beginning of PD, high serum phosphorus, and presence of peritonitis episodes. Patient and technique survival rates were comparable between diabetic and non-diabetic elderly patients on PD.






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Indian Journal of Nephrology
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