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The effectiveness of personal hygiene practices on non-cuffed central vein catheter-related infection in patients undergoing hemodialysis: A randomized controlled trial

1 National Institute of Nursing Education, Chandigarh, India
2 Department of Microbiology, PGIMER, Chandigarh, India
3 Department of Nephrology, PGIMER, Chandigarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Manju Dhandapani,
National Institute of Nursing Education, PGIMER, Sector 12, Chandigarh - 160 012
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0971-4065.258648

Infection of the internal jugular vein (IJV) catheter continues to be a common cause of death in patients with end-stage renal disease undergoing hemodialysis (HD). The present study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of personal hygiene on the incidence of IJV catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI). A randomized, controlled, parallel, and non-inferiority trial was conducted on patients initiated on maintenance HD via right IJV catheter. Patients were randomly allocated to control and intervention group via computer-generated random table. Intervention package for the intervention group included hand washing (2–4 hourly and whenever visibly dirty), feet washing (12 hourly), and axillary shave (at any point during the study, no hair growth in axilla). Patients were provided with a pamphlet and reinforced to continue package till IJV catheter was in situ. Patients were followed up twice a week for one month from the date of catheter insertion for the incidence of CRBSI. The primary outcome of the study was percentage of patients free from CRBSI. On intention-to-treat analysis, the percentage of patients without CRBSI was 53.7% and 29.3% in the intervention and control arm, respectively [P = 0.04; 25.12% (1.43–45.28%)]. Positive blood cultures were higher in control (73.3%) as compared to the intervention group (28.6%) (P = 0.19). Personal hygiene interventions are an effective method to reduce the incidence of CRBSIs among population undergoing maintenance HD via non-cuffed IJV catheter.

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