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A rare cause of coagulopathy in a patient with rapidly progressive renal failure

1 Department of Nephrology, PGIMER, Chandigarh, India
2 Department of Internal Medicine, PGIMER, Chandigarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Krishan Lal Gupta,
Department of Nephrology, PGIMER, Chandigarh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijn.IJN_213_18

Deranged coagulogram is a common problem, which a nephrologist faces before doing a renal biopsy. We describe a rare cause of coagulopathy in a patient with rapidly progressive renal failure due to acquired factor X deficiency caused by systemic light chain amyloidosis (AL). The patient had prolonged prothrombin and activated partial thromboplastin time, which got corrected on mixing with normal plasma, and factor X activity was markedly reduced at 5%. Rectal biopsy and immunofixation electrophoresis established the diagnosis of AL and the patient was started on bortezomib-based chemotherapy. Hence, appropriate coagulation work-up should be conducted in patients with renal dysfunction with prolonged coagulation times, as it can sometimes reveal the underlying diagnosis in situations where renal biopsy could not be done due to high risk of bleeding.

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Indian Journal of Nephrology
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