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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 28  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 413--420

Epidemiology and outcomes of acute kidney injury in critically ill: Experience from a tertiary care center

PS Priyamvada, R Jayasurya, Vijay Shankar, S Parameswaran 
 Department of Nephrology, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry, India

Correspondence Address:
P S Priyamvada
Department of Nephrology, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry - 605 006
India

There is only limited information on the epidemiology and outcomes of acute kidney injury (AKI) in critically ill patients from low- and middle-income countries. This study aims to identify the etiology, short-term outcomes, and determinants of mortality in patients with AKI admitted to multiple medical and surgical Intensive Care Units (ICU's) in a tertiary care center. The study also aims to compare the clinical characteristics and outcomes of community-acquired AKI (CAAKI) and hospital-acquired AKI (HAAKI). A prospective, observational study was done from June 2013 to October 2015. All patients over 18 years with AKI admitted in various medical and surgical ICU's seeking nephrology referral were included. AKI was defined according to KDIGO criteria. The follow-up period was 30 days. A total of 236 patients were recruited from five medical and nine surgical ICU's. Majority (73.3%) were males. About 53.38% patients had CAAKI, whereas 46.61% had HAAKI. The predominant etiologies for AKI were sepsis (22.4%), trauma due to road traffic accidents (21.18%), acute abdomen (perforation, acute pancreatitis, bowel gangrene, intestinal obstruction and cholangitis) (18.64%), and cardiac diseases (10.59%). Sepsis and acute abdomen were the most common causes of CAAKI, whereas trauma and cardiac causes were the predominant causes of HAAKI (P < 0.05). Patients with HAAKI were younger, admitted in surgical units, had lower SOFA scores, lower serum creatinine, lesser need for dialysis, longer hospital stay, and earlier stages of AKI compared to patients with CAAKI (P < 0.05). The 30-day mortality was 52.54%. The mortality was not different between CAAKI and HAAKI (56.3% vs. 48.18%; relative risk = 0.86: 95% confidence interval 0.67–1.1). The mortality was similar across different stages of AKI.

How to cite this article:
Priyamvada P S, Jayasurya R, Shankar V, Parameswaran S. Epidemiology and outcomes of acute kidney injury in critically ill: Experience from a tertiary care center.Indian J Nephrol 2018;28:413-420

How to cite this URL:
Priyamvada P S, Jayasurya R, Shankar V, Parameswaran S. Epidemiology and outcomes of acute kidney injury in critically ill: Experience from a tertiary care center. Indian J Nephrol [serial online] 2018 [cited 2019 Jan 21 ];28:413-420
Available from: http://www.indianjnephrol.org/article.asp?issn=0971-4065;year=2018;volume=28;issue=6;spage=413;epage=420;aulast=Priyamvada;type=0