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Year : 2012  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 269-274

Holistic health assessment tool for patients on maintenance hemodialysis

1 Department of Food Science and Nutrition, SNDT Women's University, Juhu, Mumbai, India
2 Department of Foods, Nutrition and Dietetics, College of Home Science, Nirmala Niketan, Mumbai, India

Correspondence Address:
S Mandalika
Department of Foods, Nutrition and Dietetics, College of Home Science, Nirmala Niketan, 49-New Marine Lines, Mumbai 400 020, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0971-4065.101246

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The recent emphasis on assessment of the psychological status, availability of newer and better methods of interpreting the anthropometric measurements of renal patients on dialysis therapy prompted the authors to develop the "Holistic Health Assessment Tool for dialysis patients (HHAT-D)." A total of 30 subjects (25-65 years), enrolled from dialysis centers in Mumbai were administered the HHAT-D tool to assess anthropometric, biochemical, functional, and psychological status (knowledge, needs, that coping strategies) along with dietary intake. The results showed that majority of the patients (73.3%) were mild to moderately malnourished. A highly significant negative correlation of anthropometric measurements (BMI, lean body mass, mid arm circumference, arm muscle area, bicep skin fold thickness, % usual body weight, and % standard body weight) with the HHAT-D scores (P>0.01) confirmed the validity of the tool in assessing the degree of malnutrition. The poor health status of the patients was further confirmed by the average (40%) to poor (36.6%) flexibility status and poor dietary nutrient intake. Moderate (36.6%) to high (60%) coping effectiveness was recorded in the patients as assessed using the "coping effectiveness inventory." A high degree of interitem correlation (Cronbach's coefficient alpha-test value 0.836) also proved the reliability of the HHAT-D tool. Thus, the HHAT-D was found to be a specific and reliable tool for assessment of holistic health status of patients on maintenance hemodialysis to improve quality of life and facilitate faster recovery.


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Indian Journal of Nephrology
Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
Online since 20th Sept '07