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Year : 2012  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 301-303

Postrenal transplant laryngeal and visceral leishmaniasis - A case report and review of the literature

1 Department of Nephrology, Manipal Hospital, Bangalore, India
2 Department of Pathology, Manipal Hospital, Bangalore, India

Correspondence Address:
M Vankalakunti
Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Manipal Hospital; #98, Rustom Bagh, HAL Airport Road; Bangalore 560 017
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0971-4065.101259

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Visceral leishmaniasis (kala-azar) is a disease caused by protozoa of genus Leishmania. It is currently regarded as the second most dreaded parasitic disease, next to malaria. There have been very few case reports of visceral leishmaniasis among the renal transplant recipients. We present a renal allograft recipient with symptoms of fever, sore throat, hoarseness of voice, lymphadenopathy, splenomegaly, and pancytopenia after 7 years post-transplant period. On investigating, he was diagnosed to have extensive visceral leishmaniasis with laryngeal involvement. Despite extensive PubMed literature search, we could not find any case report of postrenal transplant visceral and laryngeal leishmaniasis and to the best of our knowledge this is the first case report of this kind.


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Indian Journal of Nephrology
Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
Online since 20th Sept '07