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Year : 2012  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 363-366

Spectrum of acute kidney injury in the Himalayan region

1 Department of Nephrology, Indira Gandhi Medical College, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India
2 Department of Medicine, Dr. RPGMC, Tanda, Kangra, Himachal Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
S Raina
B-1, Type IV Quarters, Dr. RPGMC Campus, Tanda, Kangra, Himachal Pradesh- 176 001
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0971-4065.103914

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Acute kidney injury (AKI) is common in hospitalized patients and is an important cause of mortality. This is a descriptive study of AKI in patients from Himachal Pradesh, India, located in Western Himalayan region. Over a period of 1 year, 102 patients with clinical and laboratory evidence of azotemia were included. Out of 102 patients, 84.3% had community acquired AKI and 15.7% had hospital acquired AKI. Medical causes were leading contributors (85.3%), with septicemia being the main factor (33.3%). Multiorgan failure was present in 59.8% patients. The overall mortality was 29.2%, and community acquired AKI was associated with higher mortality as compared to hospital-acquired AKI (22.5% vs 6.7%). AKI is still common in community and associated with high mortality. Septicemia, volume depletion and nephrotoxins were the leading cause of AKI in our study. Our study highlights the presence of hypotension, multiorgan failure and oliguria with mortality. Community-acquired AKI had higher mortality than hospital-acquired AKI.


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Indian Journal of Nephrology
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Online since 20th Sept '07