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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 259-263

No detection of Helicobacter pylori in atherosclerotic plaques in end stage renal disease patients undergoing kidney transplantation

1 Department of Urology, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
2 Department of Gastroenterology, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
3 Department of Pathology, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

Correspondence Address:
E Mansourian
No. 220, South Bozorg Mehr Street, Malek Abad Blv, Postal Code: 9186953141, Mashhad
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0971-4065.114483

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Chronic infection known to be a predisposing factor for the development of atherosclerosis. Several studies have found a possible role of Helicobacter pylori in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. The aim of this study was to investigate the presence of H. pylori in atherosclerotic plaques in iliac arteries in 25 end stage renal disease (ESRD) patients undergoing kidney transplantation. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy was performed in all patients before transplantation. Biopsy specimens obtained from gastric antrum were sent for pathologic evaluation. Gastric H. pylori infection was confirmed by microscopic assessment and rapid urease test. Arterial specimens were obtained from iliac arteries during kidney transplantation. Presence of H. pylori DNA in atherosclerotic plaques and healthy vessel samples was evaluated by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The mean age of patients was 44.1 ± 22.6 years. Risk factors in patients with atherosclerosis were hypertension (68%), diabetes mellitus (20%), hyperlipidemia (20%), positive family history (16%). Atherosclerotic plaques were found in 21 (84%) patients. PCR analysis did not detect H. pylori in any case. There was a significant relationship of atherosclerosis with hypertension ( P = 0.006) but not with diabetes mellitus and hyperlipidemia ( P = 0.5). There was no significant relationship between atherosclerosis and gastric H. pylori infection ( P = 0.6). This study revealed no association between the presence of H. pylori as a pathogen of vessel walls and atherosclerosis in ESRD.


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Indian Journal of Nephrology
Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
Online since 20th Sept '07