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  Table of Contents  
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 25  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 392-393

An unusual case of recurrent urinary tract infection

1 Department of Microbiology, KGMU, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care, IIMS and R, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
3 Department of Urology, KGMU, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
4 Department of Critical Care Medicine, SGPGIMS, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

Date of Web Publication28-Oct-2015

Correspondence Address:
T Ghatak
Rammohan Pally, Arambagh, Hooghly - 712 601, West Bengal
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0971-4065.161027

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How to cite this article:
Kulshrestha N, Srivastava D, Ghatak T, Yadav M S, Samanta S. An unusual case of recurrent urinary tract infection. Indian J Nephrol 2015;25:392-3

How to cite this URL:
Kulshrestha N, Srivastava D, Ghatak T, Yadav M S, Samanta S. An unusual case of recurrent urinary tract infection. Indian J Nephrol [serial online] 2015 [cited 2022 Jan 17];25:392-3. Available from:

Dear Sir,

Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a common problem, especially in young females.[1] Recurrent UTI is defined as two uncomplicated UTIs in 6 months duration. It is estimated to affect 25% of women with a history of UTI.[2] We, hereby report an unusual case of a foreign body in the urinary bladder leading to recurrent UTI.

A 29-year-old female presented with recurrent intermittent lower abdominal pain and burning micturition despite treatment for last 6 months. On examination, the patient was febrile, and had tachycardia. Urinalysis showed >50 pus cells/high power field, and culture showed growth of  Escherichia More Detailscoli, sensitive to quinolones. Abdominal ultrasound revealed a echogenic foreign body suggestive of copper T in the urinary bladder. On specific inquiry, the patient gave a history of copper T insertion 1½ years ago, but had been unable to feel the thread for last 6 months. Computerized tomography scan confirmed the ultrasound finding [Figure 1]. No perforation was seen in the uterine wall. Copper T was eventually removed with the help of cystoscopy. On follow-up for next 6 months, she remained free of any symptoms of UTI.
Figure 1: Computer tomography scan of abdomen showing copper T in the urinary bladder

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Migration of intrauterine contraceptive devices (IUCD) after the uterine perforation has been reported previously.[3],[4] Migrated IUCD have been reported to act as a nidus for the urinary bladder stone formation.[5] Moreover, in humans, copper ions released from IUCD are known to induce a local inflammatory reaction.[6]

In our case, the patient presented with recurrent UTI. Imaging studies are done in cases of recurrent UTI to rule out anatomical and functional deformities of the urogenital tract. The case reported had no malformations of the urinary tract; instead, there was the presence of copper T in the urinary bladder. The uterine wall was well-preserved indicating that the IUCD had not migrated into the bladder instead must have been mistakenly inserted via urethra instead of the vagina by an untrained healthcare provider. With extensive literature search, we got no similar article of incorrect placement of copper T into the urinary bladder.

IUCD holds an important position in the family planning program in India. Our report stresses that proper training of healthcare providers should be made mandatory before permitting to provide such services. A periodic follow-up of the patients after insertion is also necessary. The patient must be trained to routinely check for the presence of Copper T thread in the vagina, failing which she must visit the healthcare provider. Insertion of IUCD must not be taken lightly as faulty placements not only exposes the patient to the risk of pregnancy but also affects her quality of life by acting as a nidus for infection.

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  References Top

Dason S, Dason JT, Kapoor A. Guidelines for the diagnosis and management of recurrent urinary tract infection in women. Can Urol Assoc J 2011;5:316-22.  Back to cited text no. 1
Epp A, Larochelle A, Lovatsis D, Walter JE, Easton W, Farrell SA, et al. Recurrent urinary tract infection. J Obstet Gynaecol Can 2010;32:1082-101.  Back to cited text no. 2
Tosun M, Celik H, Yavuz E, Cetinkaya MB. Intravesical migration of an intrauterine device detected in a pregnant woman. Can Urol Assoc J 2010;4:E141-3.  Back to cited text no. 3
Johri V, Vyas KC. Misplaced intrauterine contraceptive devices: Common errors; uncommon complications. J Clin Diagn Res 2013;7:905-7.  Back to cited text no. 4
El-Hefnawy AS, El-Nahas AR, Osman Y, Bazeed MA. Urinary complications of migrated intrauterine contraceptive device. Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct 2008;19:241-5.  Back to cited text no. 5
Ortiz ME, Croxatto HB, Bardin CW. Mechanisms of action of intrauterine devices. Obstet Gynecol Surv 1996;51 12 Suppl: S42-51.  Back to cited text no. 6


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