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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 26  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 393-397

Attitude of medical professionals regarding controversial issues in kidney donation/transplantation


1 Department of Human Development, Nirmala Niketan College of Home Science, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Emergency Medical Services, Institute of Health Sciences, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
3 Department of Psychology, Mumbai University, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
4 PD Hinduja Hospital and Medical Research Center, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

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DOI: 10.4103/0971-4065.176147

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There is a dire need to evaluate new strategies to bridge the wide kidney demand-supply gap. The current study examined the attitude of medical professionals regarding controversial issues pertaining to transplantation. A questionnaire, presenting controversial issues related to kidney transplantation, in an agree-disagree format with supporting reasons, was employed. The research was exploratory. Data were analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively. The sample comprised 140 doctors from Mumbai (mean = 38.1 years, standard deviation = 17.95; Males = 44.3%, Females = 55.7%). Whereas 47.1% of the participants felt that live donors should be given incentives for kidney donation, others (52.9%) disagreed, fearing commercialization and illegal activities. The eligibility of patients with HIV/hepatitis for a transplant was denied by 52.9% because of poor outcomes, with the others (47.1%) maintaining that these individuals too had a right to live. A substantial majority (90.7%) of the participants maintained that organ donors should be given priority in the event of a future need for an organ because their previous humane act should be rewarded (47.1%). Most of the participants (91.4%) felt that individuals from the higher socioeconomic strata should not receive preference for kidney transplantation. A majority (77.1%) of them were also against kidney selling getting legalized. Compulsory possession of a donor card elicited mixed responses, with some accepting (56.4%), but others rejecting (43.6%) this idea as donation was perceived to be a voluntary act (33.6%). While compulsory kidney donation found favor with 44.3%, it found disfavor with others (55.7%). This study will benefit transplant healthcare personnel to formulate new policies in relation to kidney donation/transplantation.






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Indian Journal of Nephrology
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Online since 20th Sept '07