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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 26  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 405-407

End-stage renal disease in Tunisian infants: Etiology and outcome


Department of Pediatric Nephrology, Charles Nicolle Hospital, Tunis, Tunisia

Correspondence Address:
M Jellouli
Department of Pediatric Nephrology, Charles Nicolle Hospital, Boulevard 9 Avril, Bab Saadoun, Tunis 1007
Tunisia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0971-4065.193753

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End stage renal disease (ESRD) in infants has particular features in terms of etiologies and therapeutic modalities. The aim of our study is to describe the etiologies and the ESRD outcomes among Tunisian infants. This retrospective study was conducted over 15 years (from January 1998 to December 31, 2013) in the Pediatric Department at Charles Nicolle Hospital. In total, 157 pediatric patients had ESRD. The mean incidence was 4.25 million children. The study involved 24 infants; the sex ratio was equal to 2. The mean age at diagnosis of ESRD was 8 months (range, 1-21 months). Growth retardation was noticed in 14 patients. The main causes were Congenital Anomalies of the Kidneys and Urinary Tract (9 infants) and hereditary renal disease (9 infants). All patients were treated with peritoneal dialysis; 16 infants presented peritonitis. Mortality rate was about 28%. The leading causes of death were cardiovascular diseases and infections.






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Indian Journal of Nephrology
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Online since 20th Sept '07