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 CASE REPORT
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 26  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 455-457

Imerslund-Grasbeck syndrome in a 5-year-old Iranian boy


1 Pediatric Congenital Hematologic Disorders Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Functional Neurosurgery Research Center, Shohada Tajrish Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Correspondence Address:
N Zavvar
Pediatric Congenital Hematologic Disorders Research Center, Mofid Children Hospital, Shariati Street, Tehran
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0971-4065.175984

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Imerslund-Grasbeck syndrome (IGS) is a rare syndrome characterized by clinical symptoms and signs of Vitamin B 12 deficiency and proteinuria. Our patient was a 5-year-old boy with pallor, lack of appetite, and low weight gain. Laboratory studies showed severe macrocytic anemia, normal reticulocyte count, negative direct coombs test, normal osmotic fragility, and autohemolysis test. He has had intermittent proteinuria since 3 years ago despite normal creatinine level and absence of hematuria or hypertension. Finally, based on low level of serum B 12 vitamin and normal folate level accompanied by asymptomatic proteinuria, the diagnosis of IGS was made. Furthermore, his sister has had laboratory abnormalities without any symptoms. IGS responded to B 12 replacement therapy dramatically but intermittent proteinuria persisted even after appropriate therapy.






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Indian Journal of Nephrology
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Online since 20th Sept '07